Waipi’o Valley on the coast of Hamakua – probably the most beautiful place on the Big Island of Hawaii

The Waipi’o Valley is probably the most magical place on the Big Island. Hawaiian myths hold that the Waipi’o Valley Fortress is guarded by the Night Marches, the legendary spirits of the long-dead Kamehameha armies, and that the impossibly steep, eerily beautiful valley was carved by a boasting warrior who used his club’s strength.
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While the geological explanation is more prosaic and certainly much less colorful, it does not detract from the charm and charm of the Waipi’o Valley. Always ranked among the most beautiful places in the state of Hawaii, this valley is as amazingly beautiful as it is disturbingly difficult to see in its entirety.
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The steep canyon walls and green fields of the valley floor, a mile-long black sand beach, and the numerous huge waterfalls that surround the valley walls encourage visitors to explore, but this can prove challenging.
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There is a four wheel drive jeep leading down to the valley, but you really (and I mean REALLY) don’t want to drive it, even in a four wheel drive vehicle. The road is still steep (25% grade !!!), poorly paved, always narrow and winding, incredibly dangerous and tricky, deceptive and populated by local drivers who really don’t want you on their way.
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Really. Excursions to the valley by vans, horse-drawn carts and quad bikes can be booked from Honoka’a. Fixed-wing and helicopter flights also offer great spots from which to see this amazing piece of Hawai’i. flights
Perhaps the most satisfying way to see the Waipi’o Valley, however, is the way the ancient Hawaiians did when they went straight down into it and then crawled, hoarsely, back. However, if you try this hike, don’t be fooled by the numbers.
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The hike may involve a loss in altitude of less than a thousand feet (and subsequent rise at the exit) and less than 2 miles in actual walking, but appears much longer; it’s hard, hot, dry, steep and yeah, did we mention hard? Really really hard; no one who is not in very good physical shape should try this trek – better pay for the van tour or flight. But the views and photos that can be captured on this difficult trek are worth the price of the sweat and the time.
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The hike down the valley takes about an hour. Allow twice as much to explore the valley floor and beach again, and at least an hour to return to the top. Be vigilant when walking along the way; local drivers do not give way to you, and tourist drivers are notoriously on the verge of losing control.
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If you go down to the valley there is no fresh drinking water available, so take plenty. When you reach the valley floor, the road on your right hand side (towards the ocean) leads to the beach and the spectacular 300-foot waterfall. Here you can hike through tamarisk and fir groves along a black sand beach, bathe in a waterfall or hike a ridge to the next valley. Be warned, swimming and surfing are only for experts here because of the strong currents and big waves. Do not try to walk past the headland cliffs into the neighboring valleys – it may seem passable and even tempting, but in reality it is impossible and extremely dangerous.
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At the crossroads at the foot of the valley, the jungle tunnel road crosses a private property on the left; you should have permission to drive or walk here. Along this road, deep into the canyon, there are numerous huge, crazy waterfalls and landscapes that you won’t see anywhere else on earth. The Waipi’o Valley is a truly magical place.
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There are no services available under the Observation Platform in the Waipi’o Valley. Hiking and camping in the valley are allowed only with a permit; There is one small guesthouse, but usually booked months in advance.
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Natural and human history: For the geologist Waipi’o, Pololu and other valleys of northern Hawaii provide excellent evidence of the remarkably ephemeral nature of the Hawaiian archipelago islands. The lava flows at the top of the Waipi’o Valley, which is crossed by the stream, and is less than half a million years old, indicating that the entire valley has since formed.
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At the beginning of the history of Pololu, Waipi’o and the valleys in between, the vents that had formed along the sides of Kohala Volcano turned into major faults; the relative up and down movement of these faults caused the large blocks of rock between the faults to sink relatively well, creating what geologists call “hornbeams” or flat-bottomed valleys.
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The jets poured from the relatively raised blocks into these grippers, causing erosion which further lowered the floor of the grippers by secondary steep jet cuts. At some point between 450,000 and 150,000 years ago, a large portion of Kohala’s northern side was disconnected and slid into the sea, creating the steep cliffs we see today on the northern side of the island.

The formation of the plunder, their subsequent traversing by streams and the cutting of the northern part of Kohala volcano by huge landslides make up most of the landscape we see in these valleys today, but the question arises: “why are the valley bottoms so wide and flat instead of the narrow, steeply sloping valley that normally would be expected from a small stream ”?
Although streams continue to erode at the bottom of these canyons, there are two more geological processes over the landscaping of the Waipi’o Valley. Remember that because of their own enormous weight, all the Hawaiian Islands are slowly collapsing – or “collapsing” – into the hot plastic rocks beneath the Earth’s crust.
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This subsidence causes the canyon floor to sink constantly below sea level and thus fill up with sediment. Second, the mouth of the Waipi’o Valley acts as a funnel for the tsunami, causing them to retreat into the valley and shed vast amounts of sediment that also fill the valley. In fact, during the tsunami of 1946, the ocean flooded Waipi’o to a depth of 40 feet and a half miles inland! Filling the valley with these two processes explains why the valley floor is so wide and flat, rather than the narrow, steep valley we might expect here.
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The human history of the Waipi’o Valley is as interesting as its geological history. Waipi’o was considered a site of great mana (power) and was heavily cultivated in the pre-contact era. It was a favorite meeting place for the rulers of Ali’i, and many chiefs who owned lands and homes elsewhere on the island maintained royal homes in the Waipi’o Valley. Some historians estimate that there were as many as one hundred thousand native Hawaii at the time Captain Cook arrived in and around Waipi’o. Waipi’o has been inhabited for over fifty generations; the indigenous peoples of Hawaii believe that the power of their ancestors’ spirits infuses the earth today with mana and honua – power and peace.
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King Kamehameha the Great was brought here as an infant for security reasons. When he was born, many interpreted that Baby Kamehameha was the fulfillment of ancient prophecies that heralded the coming of a great king who would overthrow all other kings and unify the islands. This view did not suit many ruling families and did not fit their plans or ideas about who should lead the people of Hawaii. Fearing for her life, the young Kamehameha’s mother fled to the safety of relatives living in Waipi’o, hiding with her baby in the jungle when the royal family sent warriors to pursue him.
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The 1946 tsunami had almost completely cleared the people of Waipi’o and was more or less abandoned until the 1960s, when counterculture types and native groups began to return to it. Today, the population of the Waipi’o Valley is a colorful peculiarity of farmers, artists, surfing vagabonds, hermits, hermits, dreamers, and others whose only common goal is to make sure everyone stays out of the Waipi’o Valley.
CoinDesk reported that “these additional banking measures will have a major impact on the lower and middle classes who rely on Greek banks in their day-to-day business” rather than on the wealthy, who hold most of their collective wealth in foreign banks.
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Many economists and analysts have condemned Greece’s growing reliance on higher tax rates. Due to negligence, many financial experts believe that this will cause catastrophic cash flow problems for Greece’s shrinking middle class, which, as mentioned above, relies on cash; driving a larger wedge between the particularly rich and the poor. In short, the new banking rules, which aim to reduce the use of cash, are, after all, only to the detriment of the poor in Greece.
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So there were problems with the new rules. And the problems need to be solved. A prudent Greek with a frappi in one hand and a smartphone in the other had to find a way to circumvent these new rules. And so, interest in cryptocurrency began. But can cryptocurrency really help Greece in an increasingly volatile economy?
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Hank Williams

What do Beck, British punk band The -The, George Thoroughgood and Cheryl Crow have in common? This diverse group has at least one thing in common: they all created covers of Hank Williams’ songs. Hank Williams, America’s first country music star, made an impact on American music in a way you can never forget.

Hiram King Williams was born on September 17, 1923 in Butler County, Alabama. Hiram was born with mild spina bifida. He could not play sports or farm like other children; instead, Hiram took an interest in music. In his youth, Hiram studied Christianity and gospel, folk ballads and early country songs. Perhaps the most significant influence on his musical upbringing was the black singer Rufus “Teetot” Payne, who taught him to play guitar and sing the blues. Hiram also learned moonshine and started drinking at the age of 11.

In 1937, Hiram won a competition that gave him a radio broadcast twice a week. About this time, Hiram’s name was Hank. Shortly thereafter, his mother (who raised Hank herself) helped him start Drifting Cowboys, and the group began playing on the Alabama road circuit. At 16, Hank dropped out of high school and has made appearances statewide at band shows and talent shows.

During World War II, Hank undertook several war-related work, but returned to music in 1943. Around this time, Hank began drinking more to compensate for his increasing back pain. However, this did not prevent him from achieving success with two singles at the turn of 1946 and 1947. Later that year, Hank scored his first hit “Move It on Over.”

In 1948, Hank got his first recording contract and joined the Louisiana Hayride radio show. On June 11, 1949, Williams performed “Lovesick Blues” at the Grand Ole Opry and received an unprecedented number of encores. The song became a hit, staying at number one in the country charts for 16 weeks and even made it into the top 25 of pop music charts.

Hank became a leading country artist in 1949 and 1950. He wrote songs compulsively. Out of 66 songs recorded under his own name, Hank has produced 37 country hits, 29 of which have achieved top 10 status. In 1951 and 1952, each song Hank recorded reached the top 5. Hank’s most famous songs include “Your Cheatin ‘Heart”, “Hey, Good Lookin”, “Cold, Cold Heart” and “I’m So Lonesome I Could.” Cry. ”

Unfortunately, while the popularity of Hank’s music grew by leaps and bounds, his personal life was falling apart. The endless journey increased the pain in his back, forcing him to drink. When he managed to perform, he was often drunk or unprepared. The trips to the sanatorium for rehab was interspersed with obligations. His lifestyle led to hepatitis and episodes of malnutrition, and in 1951 he had a heart attack. After spinal surgery that worsened his back, Hank began to abuse drugs.

Hank was released from the Grand Ole Opry in August 1952. Though his records were at the top of the charts, he played in brasseries. Four months later, Williams suffered another heart attack. He was pronounced dead on January 1, 1953.

Although Hank passed away, the musicians kept his music alive by re-interpreting it for the popular market. People heated up even more to the song “Cold, Cold Heart”, which was performed by the singer many times, including Perry Como, Norah Jones, Nat King Cole, Aretha Franklin, Louis Armstrong, Keith Richards and Bob Dylan. The covers of many other songs have produced hits for artists from Fats Domino to The. The resulting album is Hank Williams’ tribute, Timeless, which features covers of Bob Dylan, Johnny Cash, Keith Richards, Beck and Hank’s grandson Hank III. Most recently, in October 2011, Bob Dylan released The Lost Notebooks, a compilation of songs with Hank’s lyrics that were previously non-musical. Artists on the album include Norah Jones, Merle Haggard and Cheryl Crow.

Hank Williams was the force that shook off the rural image of country music. He set the standard for contemporary country music and all poetic songwriting. His simple, emotional lyrics defined the country genre. Given these achievements, Hank Williams is considered one of the most legendary and influential figures in American music. Hank may have lived only 29 years, but his legacy as the father of country music will live forever.
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Can you guess the names of these 12 unique Colombian fruits and vegetables?

Unique fruits and vegetables from Colombia

Call yourself an experienced South American traveler? Here is a short quiz for you. Read the description, then try to guess the name of the fruit or vegetable being described. You can check your answers later in the article.

Can you guess the names of these strange dishes?

1. I’m long and yellow, but I’m not a banana. You can cook or bake me when I’m green or later when I’m sweet and yellow. Can you guess who I am? That’s right! __________ Enjoy me baked cake with cheese.

2. What’s red inside and out and the spikes on the outside? Even my juice is red. My juice is used for food coloring, body painting and makeup. Do you know who I am? Can you say __________?

3. Hey, I bet you’ve eaten me many times before. I’m really tough and brown on the outside and have water in me. I have white meat and you can also make “milk” from me. What am i Easy! Of course I am __________. In Quito, Ecuador, you can often find vendors selling my milk by the glass. Sometimes I have a rare seed that grows in my hard shell and causes it to sprout.

4. I grow on vines in bunches, but I am not a grape because I am orange with the tiny seeds inside of me. My leaves grow around me and you must take them off before you eat me. What’s My Name? Come on, guess … We’re __________!

5. If you like green peppers, you’ll like me too. You can stuff me and bake me and I’m delicious. Do you know my name My name is __________ I am often stuffed and baked with meat, rice, vegetables and spices – yum!

6. My orange shell is thick but easy to open. Inside, I have a “jelly” consistency with many small, crunchy black seeds. Do you know who I am? And __________, here’s what

7. It’s harder to guess. What is a tuber like a carrot, but smaller, slightly curved and purple on the outside. No, I’m not cute either, but you’ll like me cooked with milk and cheese. Did you guess __________? Magnificent!

8. My name is in English “Dragon fruit“but I’m better known by a different name. My thick creamy texture inside is filled with tiny, extremely hard black seeds. Don’t eat me too much at once though, or I’ll give you” loose guts “! I’m small or big, I’m a delicious exotic yellow the fruit. I am __________

9. My name means “happy apple” and I have a smooth and creamy interior with smooth, hard black seeds. I come in segments that make it easy for me to eat. Even though I am a weird looking punk rock style fruit, you will just love my sweetness. What is my name? I am _________. Enjoy my sweet, creamy smoothness.

10. Imagine a giant green bean and you will have a precise idea of ​​what I look like on the outside. Inside, I have segments each of which has a large black seed. My flesh looks like cotton and has a sweet taste. What am i Do you know? I am __________

11. I’ll just bet you put it under my branches on the beach at one time or another. This swaying tree has me as its fruit. We grow up to 500 in bunches. In order to eat us, you need to cook for several hours and then peel. We taste great with a little salt or dipped in honey. We are very rich in cholesterol, so you shouldn’t eat too many of us or take us too often. Do you know who we are? That’s right, we are __________

12. You’ve probably never seen another fruit like me. I am white, smooth and creamy on the inside and have a spiky green skin on the outside. My thick meat is also very sweet. A great way to eat me is to mix it with milk to make a wonderful, tasty smoothie. I am often so big and heavy that you can’t use all of me at once. What am i I am __________

How did you guess the names of these exotic fruits and vegetables?

Now check your answers

1. That’s right! “Banana

2. Can you say “Achiote“?

3. Easy! “Coconut“, of course

4. Come on, guess … We are “Weather in Uchuvas“!

5. My name is “Archucha

6. A “Granadilla“, this is it

7. Have you guessed “Ullucos“Magnificent!”

8. I am “Pitaya

9. I am “chirimoya

10. I am “Guam

11. That’s right, we are “Chontaduros “.

12. I am “guanabana

Travel in Colombia and Ecuador

Among the joys and benefits of traveling abroad is the opportunity to taste exotic fruits, vegetables and other local dishes. When traveling in Colombia or Ecuador, you can try these unique taste sensations for yourself. Enjoy your meal!


The new face of rap – MIA, Princess Superstar and Lady Sovereign

I formally confess my musical pleasure. If you were a casual reader, you would know I listen to Jason Bentley on KCRW in LA on the Internet every night. Where I get my dose of electronics in many varieties. I sometimes listen to Streatbeat Northwestern University on WNUR here in Chicago for similar offers. But some songs almost escape the genre. This brings us to three young women who have made a big splash in the last few years. Their names may not be familiar to you; but I can almost guarantee you heard their music. M.I.A., Princess Superstar, and Lady Sovereign.

Probably the most popular today is M.I.A. When I first saw her it was clear she was Indian and when I heard her speak it was clear she was from the UK. Basically British or “Brindian” as I often say.

(By the way, now that I have a public forum, I would like to officially declare myself the inventor of common word contracting, also known as portmanteau. I lived for over 20 years in New York and Los Angeles, both major media outlets, from late 1980s to mid 2000s. During this time, I have spoken to a lot of people who have dealt with many areas of the media – and my cool contribution to the English language has never been appreciated. I know it’s hard to prove and therefore hard to believe. But I know what I did. And I made it up! )

But back to M.I.A., she was actually born in Sri Lanka, and if you read her life story on the Wiki, it’s kind of crazy. Her new album Kala is everywhere because of the song and music video for Boyz. And if you watch Heroes, they did a double Dutch scene for this song a few weeks ago. He has another tune called Paper Plans, in which he freely samples with Clash. She did this on Letterman as well and had a Milli Vanilla moment, but the clip is just music set to pix.

Her music is fun. It’s nice to listen to because of the rhythm. He is clearly a person fascinated by the Roland MC-505. The first time I heard her music, I quickly remembered Adam Ant. Most of his music uses Burundi rhythm. Then it felt as if it sounded to the beat of the Bali Kecak. This Kecak ceremony was filmed in the Baraka movie (and Steve-O’s Wild Boys filmed it as well). If you decide to watch the YouTube Kecak clip, let me just say that it can be a little disturbing. This may not be the right word, but it’s unusual, so just brace yourself.

(Did this exposure to culture surprise you? I think it’s because of my degree in Anthropology from Columbia University? And yes, I have a 10-foot travel whip. But I assure you I’m the only one wearing it! Is; one chase through the South American jungle so that I won’t go empty-handed anymore).

But is it still rap music performed by lovely young women from England, the Jewish community of New York and Sri Lanka? Princess Superstar comes from New York and is Jewish, but after 10 years who could question her qualifications? Definitely not me. He calls it more a “flip flop” because, like M.I.A. draws its influence from various sources, including today’s electronics. She’s also done DJing and recently made a VERY popular collaboration with Mason.

Lady Sovereign is next. She is from England and she is very young. But trust me, you know her Love Me Or Hate Me melody. I think you ended up with a commercial phone. Very catchy again and I like it very much.

I also want to throw something else at you; Justice. They shouldn’t really be talking about rappers. As a duo, electonica are much more comparable to Daft Punk, Air, the Chemical Brothers, the Crystal Method and Basement Jaxx. But now they’ve released some popular songs and there’s a very good chance you’ve heard this one and there’s a singer on it, so it fits that theme.

So here they are; giving rap a new face. It’s like Punk rock split into about half a dozen bands in the late 90’s, I think rap is entering a more diverse stage.



The next time you and your buddies go down to a local bar and have an unpleasant break in conversation, consider starting a discussion based on the following question – which band is the best that has never had a top 40 hits? Obviously, this is a version of the old, old chestnut that has passed many drunken hours for sports fans through the ages – who is the best footballer who has never played at a World Cup? The answer to that question is obviously quite obvious, George Best. The musical variation of this question can be more stimulating.

While Robert Lloyd and the various incarnations of his post-punk combo Brummie, The Nightingales, were shortlisted by every respected critic, his guttural, sub-Beefheart squeal was aimed more underground than mainstream. The same hard-hitting mindset also rules out New York City’s Suicide and David Thomas’ experimental garage group, Pere Ubu.

Soon, however, someone will hear the only truly acceptable answer, at least the only acceptable to me, and many other men and women of a certain age, each of whom is the proud owner of a pair of roses. tinted glasses. It just has to be these guitar-pop teens, The Go-Betweens. The inexplicable absence of Australian indie-pop pioneers in the singles list remains a mystery to this day. Not once, during their illustrious life of 1978-2006 (allowing a break in 1989-2000), their melodic letters ever threatened to bring them a pop star here or in America. Incredibly, they didn’t even make it to the top 40 charts in their native Australia. It is certainly the biggest miscarriage in popular music history since Al Jolson passed out to The Jazz Singer, brazenly proclaiming that “you haven’t heard anything yet” and shamefully began to make a fortune.

Much like Brisbane guitar heroes, led by singer / songwriters Robert Forster and Grant McLennan, they didn’t manage to reach a single lonely week in the top 75, despite creating tons of heavenly pop songs that should make them famous names on both sides of the Atlantic is a secret that really takes up the brain. In fact, this prompts longtime fans of the group to ask the age-old questions that slip out of our mouths every time we come across a recording of Barry Manilow’s “Bermuda Triangle” while drunk blasting from a pub jukebox; – How could you let this happen, dear Lord, how?

Consider some of the flotsams and jetsams that have (displaced) from the charts since rock and roll came out. In no particular order, I give you Vanilla Ice, The Bay City Rollers, Duran Duran, Milli Vanilli, Arthur Mullard and Hilda Baker, Black Lace, MC Hammer and Sting. And that’s just the tip of a very embarrassing iceberg!

Even more puzzling was the regular presence on the list of bands that can best be described as secondary Go-Betweens. A very ordinary Deacon Blue comes to mind here, as well as Trashcan Sinatras. And how the hell do you explain the continued presence in the charts in the 1980s of bands that made music comparable, both in content and style, to The Go-Betweens themselves. For example, Aztec Camera recorded 12 hits and 74 weeks on the chart, while Lloyd Cole, with or without his Commotions, recorded 15 hits spread over 62 weeks.

After the band broke up in 1989, Forster and McLennan attacked the solo fame, theoretically doubling their chances of a hit, but the record-buying audience was not convinced. In particular, McLennan wrote a series of wonderful ballads in the 1990s, the best of which, “Black Mule” (1991) and “Hot Water” (1994), are perhaps the best of all his compositions.

Even the French, not very famous for keeping their finger on the pulse, have made The Go-Betweens something of a famous affair. In the 1996 issue of the top rock magazine Les Inrockuptibles, the band’s cover read “Le groupe le plus sous-estime de l’histoire du rock?” Which overall – The Go-Betweens, the most underrated band in rock history? The magazine also placed “16 Lovers Lane” on the list of the best albums from the period 1976-1996.

Published November 1996.

1. The Smiths: The Queen Is Dead

2. Pixies: Doolittle

3. Stone Roses: Stone Roses

4. Betweens: 16 Lovers Lane

5. Portishead: Dummy

6. PJ Harvey: Dry

7. Tricky: Maxinquaye

8. Morrissey: Vauxhall & I

9. Mass attack: blue lines

10. Beck: Mellow Gold

11. The Feelies: The Good Earth

12. REM: Automatic for humans

13. James: Stuttering

14. The Divine Comedy: Liberation

15. The Smiths: Strangeways, Here We Come

16. My Bloody Valentine: Loveless

17. The La’s: The La’s

18. De La Soul: 3 feet high and growing

19. Bjork: Debut

20. Jeff Buckley: Grace

This reassessment of the team’s standing, along with an invitation to play at the magazine’s 10th anniversary party, prompted Forster and McLennan to reform the group.

For a brief moment, the true devotees of the group allowed themselves to believe that a great evil could be corrected. Maybe the band will get lucky and put a song on the soundtrack of some mega Hollywood Rom-Com. There was a precedent of sorts. The Triffids, their Perth compatriots, and themselves from the groundbreaking independent band of the 1980s, almost managed to succeed when their classic song “Bury Me Deep In Love” was selected to play on Harold and Marge’s cheesy wedding scenes for the popular soap for the day. neighbors. The team, properly raised, struck its advantage; their next single, “Trick Of The Light”, had a brilliant week at number 73 in the charts in early 1988.

Unfortunately, despite the recording of a series of very good albums that came back, especially “Oceans Apart” from 2005, with the standout songs “Here Comes A City”, “Born To A Family” and “Darlinghurst Nights”, the familiar pattern soon returned – with the recognition of critics on the one hand, and commercial indifference on the other. The Australian media also did not mind punishing the team for their perceived failure. Current ABC programs The 7:30 am report announced his return to the stage as follows –

“The Go-Betweens have been described as the quintessential team of critics. They made an artistic form of commercial failure. But, as reported by Bernard Brown, they are happy to have earned the respect of the industry even if the dollars have not followed suit. “

The good old Bernard concluded his report by saying, “But the band’s influence has far outstripped record sales, and they’re labeled a commercial failure.”

Any hopes that The Go-Betweens could somehow turn the tide vanished once and for all with McLennan’s unexpected departure in May 2006 at the age of 48.

Any discussion of great songwriting partnerships in popular music would rightly start with the likes of Lennon and McCartney, Bacharach and David, Leiber and Stoller or Jagger and Richards. However, you shouldn’t look too far down the list before you come across the names of Forster and McLennan, possibly parenthesized right next to Difford and Tilbrook or Morrissey and Marr.

Both were able to write incredibly catchy songs and both had a penchant for writing eye-catching lyrics. Grant McLennan’s River Of Money from Springhill Fair (Beggars Banquet, 1984), although his writing is rather unusual (more prose-poem than a pop song), is such a unique lyrics that it requires to be quoted Entire.

River of money

The expectation of sadness is neither fair nor reasonable

limit yourself to its causes. Like a river in a flood

when it sinks and drowned bodies

animals were placed on the treetops

another type of damage that occurs outside the stream.

At first it seemed as if she had just left

room to go out to the garden and was delayed by a stray

chickens in corn. Then he thought she might

they ran away with the boy on a rodeo from a neighbor

fortune, but only one afternoon he does

she heard the guitar playing coming from her room and

He ran upstairs to confront her and saw her

that it’s just the wind shuffling the curtains

that he finally met her

he did not come back. He handled the flood well

but the watermark of her departure was still quite visible.

Then he used the compass to think about it

geography may save him, but after a week in

In the Victorian Alps he returned north realizing that it was snowing

he had never seen it before, it was just frozen water.

I’ll take you to Hollywood

I’ll take you to Mexico

I’ll take you anywhere

A river of money flows.

I’ll take you to Hollywood

I’ll take you to Mexico

I’ll take you anywhere

A river of money flows.

But he really could handle it

the size of her absence? The snow had failed him.

The bottles almost emptied to no effect.

Television, a Samaritan in other torments, had

has been taken over. She left her traveling clock

thinking he is unable to function in

another time zone; so long empty days of precious sunlight

they were filled with the sound of her minutes, counted down

her hours.

I appreciate it isn’t about the three-minute hero, but this pair felt just as comfortable writing the standard verses, choruses, and pop verses of a song that sounded 2.56 on the radio and wouldn’t scare the horses. From Springhill Fair, they released a trio of flawless singles. McLennan’s pop-by-numbers opener Bachelor Kisses was the first to hit the stores (and stayed there, in the bargain basket), followed by Forster’s hauntingly sad confessional Part Company;

“It’s her handwriting, she writes

From the first letter I got, her Bill of Rights “

The latest single from the album “Man O Sand To Girl O Sea” made Forster more confident;

“I feel so sure of our love

I’ll write a song about our breakup. “

This sequence of star-eyed singles should have seen The Go-Betweens cuddled lovingly to the pop establishment’s breasts. Instead, they remained in exile in the desert, also known as the John Peel depiction.

However, back then it seemed only a matter of time before their streak was over and the Brisbane boys would bask in the sun kissed by the glitter of success on the chart. Then two solid albums came out, “Liberty Belle And The Black Diamond Express” (Beggars Banquet, 1986) and “Tallulah” (Beggars Banquet, 1987), each of which gave excellent singles on “Spring Rain” and “Head Full Of Pride.” “Forster. and McLennan’s “Right Here” and “Bye Bye Pride”.

Great British public opinion, however, remained skeptical. Peel sessions, stadium tours supporting longtime fans of the band, R.E.M, contracts with many reputable record companies such as Rough Trade, Postcard and Capitol, did not have the slightest impact on the team’s outsider status. If the pop band can be called persona non grata, they were! Frustration began to speak, forcing McLennan to comment that it had happened;

“I gave up on commercial success, which is very good for my well-being.”

The reality, however, was that their most “commercial” album, or even a masterpiece, was yet to come, but in trying to get onto the charts, the band only managed to smash it. The omens weren’t good from the start. First, the announcement was made by bass guitarist Robert Vickers, who has been with the group since 1983. His successor, John Willsteed, seemed to be an upgrade though, and his playing certainly brought clarity and refinement to the band’s sound in line with their new direction of travel. Some experts admit that he played a few more complicated guitar parts on “16 Lovers Lane”.

Unfortunately, Willsteed also struggled with a huge drinking problem and it didn’t take long for him to make enemies from the rest of the team.

In addition, Amanda Brown, hired after the violin for The Servants’ lofty second single “The Sun, A Small Star”, began working with McLennan. Suddenly news came out that Forster and Morrison had been in a relationship for years. The battle lines have been drawn.

At exactly the same time that the Forster / McLennan friendship that began long ago in the University of Queensland drama department began to crumble, the power brokers at the group management firm were trying to push McLennan to light at the expense of Forster. Author David Nichols in his book The Go-Betweens makes it clear about the re-alignment that has taken place, “every promotional video since” Right Here “shows that Forster is completely retired.” The Was There Anything I Could Do video seen today is an A-show with McLennan and Brown rummaging through the center of the stage while Forster sits far back. Morrison was deeply dissatisfied, especially with the decision to appoint producer Craig Leon. In an interview with On The Street, Sydney was scathing about changing her accent;

“He was chosen to make this single available to the people so that we can get out of our iconic corner.”

Despite the accusations that would inevitably ensue, the next five Go-Betweens singles are McLennan compositions.

On a more positive point of view, Forster and McLennan worked together on songs for “16 Lovers Lane” rather than working individually. The spirit of collaboration instead of competition extended at least to songwriting! Released in August 1988 (Beggars Banquet / Capitol) and produced by Mark Wallis who collaborated with Marianne Faithful, Tom Jones and REM, “ 16 Lovers Lane ” was a sublime collection of shimmering guitar ballads and hymns so sparkling and sun kissed that you had to wear dark glasses to listen to them.

When their debut single “Lee Remick” was released in 1978, Forster and McLennan talked about capturing the “striped sound of sunlight” that Forster later referred to as existence;

“A romantic phrase, but it’s abstract. This could be the sun coming through the louvers while the record is playing. It’s a guitar flickering on the fender. They are harmonies and hard pop songs. He’s lying on the bed next to the window reading. book in the afternoon. It’s the sun on the shoulder-length girl’s hair. This is Buddy Holly in the desert the day they filmed Maybe a Child. These are T-shirts and jeans. It’s Creedence. It’s Bob. It’s Chuck Berry. “

On 16 Lovers Lane, created twenty years after the concept was first articulated, they came closest to refining its meaning.

Opening with McLennan’s shamelessly lukewarm “Love Goes On”;

“There is a cat in the alley

Dreaming of birds that are blue

Sometimes girl when I’m lonely

I think about you this way “

and ending with the majestically romantic “Dive For Your Memory” by Forster

“I’d be diving for you

I would come down like a bird

I’m lonely deep down

And I miss my friend

So when I hear you say

That we didn’t stand a chance

I will dive for your memory

We stood before this chance “

“16 Lovers Lane” (once voted the 24th best album of the 1980s by Rolling Stone magazine) also boasts another pair of McLennan classics in “Streets Of Your Town” – a track that should take a place in the nation’s pop consciousness in the same way. like “There She Goes” by The La or “Don’t You Want Me Baby” by The Human League, and the longing, heart-breaking lament “Quiet Heart”.

“I was trying to tell you

I can only say this when we are apart

About this storm in me

And how I miss your silent, silent heart “

“Streets Of Your Town” was such an obvious choice for the single that they had two cracks, first releasing it in October 1988 and then refusing to accept defeat the following summer. Among the twin versions of this neglected classic were two more “ear-gentle” contenders: “Was There Anything I Could Do” (McLennan) and “Love Goes On.” They both met the same unfortunate fate – they were steadfastly ignored.

No impact on the charts, with a blatantly radio-friendly song like “Streets Of Your Town,” must have been a crushing blow to Forster and McLennan, and was probably the final nail in the coffin of The Go-Betweens. Broken and heartbroken, they went their own way.

There was no doubt that The Go-Betweens swallowed their pride and danced to the beat of their payers. They smoothed the kinks in their song structures, planet from the angular edges and streamlining the sound, until with each new album they started to sound less and less like The Velvet Underground, and more and more like Abba. Not that there is anything wrong with Abba or the “16 Lovers Lane” itself, in fact it is partly a breathtakingly beautiful album. It’s just that 3/5 of the band did not want to do this type of album anymore. Go-Betweens have sold their soul, but still haven’t sold any records!

Worse still, there was not even the consolation of leaving your mark on the charts where you would expect more mature bands to massage their ego through a loyal fanbase that has been successfully built over a long career. However, all the Go-Betweens were able to gather, a week was not. 91 in June 1987 from Tallulah, and a week at no. 81 for “ 16 Lovers Lane ” in September 1988.

However, The Go-Betweens have made minor invasions of the British Independent Charts. Prior to signing for Beggars Banquet, the band recorded for Rough Trade and Situation 2, qualifying them for indie charts. Between the ages of 83 and 86, they had three positions in the top 40. McLennan’s autobiographical song “Cattle and Cane” recognized by the Australian Executive Rights Association in 2001. It reached No. 1 of the Top 30 Songs of All Time in the country. 4 in March 1983 while “Man O Sand To Girl O Sea” was located at no. 24 at the end of the same year. Only the 12-inch edition of “Lee Remick” peaked at No. 7 in November 1986. And there the trail is cold.

To speculate now about The Go-Betweens’ spectacular failure is to set yourself an impossible task. Maybe it’s just because they never really built up a British fan base, maybe the Australians seemed less cool than the Americans, or the dynamic duo just lacked sex appeal. It could be argued that both Forster and McLennan as singers were not sufficiently distinctive, even that at times they sounded too erudite for a day radio. Perhaps it was Forster’s controversial decision to play the promotional premiere of Capitol Records “16 Lovers Lane” in an olive dress (the company reduced the promotional budget of the album the next day). Or maybe fate was just against them all the time.

In September 1985, the band signed a contract with Elektra, hoping for better promotion and distribution of their work. Forster was in an optimistic mood “We went with Elektra – let’s start our album in just over a week. Without a doubt, the songs are our best, we play the best and we ourselves could be great producing this unknown masterpiece.” Within a few weeks, Elektra collapsed and the band fell again. he began to fight, much to Forster’s disappointment;

“I think we have a sense of anger – no one has ever been able to present us to the British public in any coherent or intelligent way.”

One thing’s for sure – they had a handful of great songs, and in Forster they had someone who gave the band a personality. His artistic-rock experience prompted him to pay close attention to his stage performances, although we can only assume that his tongue was firmly in his cheek thanks to this analysis of his “dance”;

“Bobby Womack himself once told me that I am a man of soul, and when it comes to contemporary music, there are only three soulmen left: himself, me and Prince. Prince came to Brisbane and took the colors, the movements, his Whole act on my part. This is true! He saw my movements! “

Perhaps The Go-Betweens drummer Linda Morrison was closer to the truth speaking in 1992 than I and the others, we would happily admit it when she presented this review;

“We may have been one of the country’s most lauded bands, but we sold all the records. Detriment. So let’s not say that this is one of the most praised bands in the country, who cares? We don’t sell CDs, we weren’t a popular band and I’m sick of hearing about us being so fantastic – because if we were so fantastic why didn’t anyone buy our records? “

Forster’s reaction was a bit more laconic;

“It was quite liberating to realize that our group was so good and we hadn’t gotten anywhere. After a while, the lack of recognition was so absurd it was funny. “

After their initial breakup, the compilation album “1978-1990” was released, which allowed the music press to make a verdict on the life and times of The Go-Betweens. Melody Maker’s Dave Jennings could barely contain his anger; “The fact that The Go-Betweens never went massive is a disgusting injustice … take The Go-Betweens to your heart where they belong.” In 1996, writing for Select magazine, Andrew Male wrote that “The only problem with listening to The Go-Betweens is that they can’t help you remember how shit the 1980s were. Go-Betweens produced records with a soft glow and got nowhere. Sting sang about a fucking turtle and became a millionaire.

Even now, however, there is no critical consensus. Simon Reynolds, in his final account of the post-punk years 1978-1984, Rip It Up And Start Again, devotes just one sentence to our Antipodes heroes; “Go-Betweens, which was originally from Australia, but had a spare, sharp sound that was similarly ingrained in television and the early Talking Heads.” Of course, it’s important to note that at this stage, The Go-Betweens only had “Send Me A Lullaby” and “Before Hollywood” to their credit. Bob Stanley in his acclaimed book “Yeah, Yeah, Yeah: The Story Of Modern Pop” (2013) completely omits them from his 800-page anthology.

However, any discussion of literary pop, if you are willing to admit that this genre does exist, if you believe that great pop can be thoughtful rather than instinctively felt, cerebral rather than carnal, would have to consider The Go. between each other. Their unique form of romanticism, sparkling choruses, bizarre, specific lyrics and screaming pop sensibilities have made them one of the great post-punk groups. They recorded two albums, “Springhill Fair” and “16 Lovers Lane”, which would lose nothing compared to Costello’s “King Of America”, “Rattlesnakes” by Lloyd Cole, “Songs To Remember” by Scritti Politti, “Look’s Like Rain” Mickey Newbury. or “Everything Must Go” The Manic Street Preachers. In this context, their work will be remembered long after their most commercially successful contemporaries disappear from the recorded history of popular music.

In the end, however, at the beginning. In 1978, after the local success of their debut single “Lee Remick”, Forster dreamed of sailing to England. Given the intricate fate that awaited them on these shores, his words now seem extremely poignant.

“I think England has the greatest acceptance of new music, they’re more open. They write it on NME and people buy your records. Any country that accepts Jilted John, X-Ray Spex and The Only Ones … there is a place for The Go- Betweens “.


Discovering the re-emergence and reassessment of science fiction in the US

Science fiction has emerged as acceptable in the literary canon, with a wide selection of science fiction writers being worth studying. At least it was one of the facts I learned about a genre that I have long associated with popular thrillers when we discussed contemporary American literature in the US about a year ago.

Science fiction is a broad genre of fiction, often involving speculation about current or future science or technology, usually in books, art, television, movies, games, theater, and other media. In the era of television, computers and other technologies, the fascination of contemporary fiction writers with technology has become an extension of the socialist realism sphere for the search of writers.

Science fiction is similar to fantasy. But it differs from him in that its imaginary elements are largely possible under the scientifically postulated laws of nature, although some elements may still be pure imaginary speculation.

Science fiction, then, is largely about writing in a playful and rational way about alternative possibilities in settings that contradict known reality, including:

o Environment in the future, in alternate timelines or in the historical past that conflicts with known historical facts or archaeological records

o A place in space, other worlds or involving aliens.

o Stories contrary to known or alleged laws of nature.

o Stories that involve discovering or applying new scientific principles, such as time travel or psychedelics

o Stories about the discovery or application of a new technology such as nanotechnology, faster-than-light travel or robots,

o Stories that involve the discovery or application of new and different political or social systems

Science fiction also includes imaginative extrapolations of contemporary phenomena such as the deliberate projection of contemporary medical practices such as organ transplants, genetic engineering, and artificial insemination, or evolving social changes such as the rise of the suburbs and the growing imbalance between rich and poor.

Science fiction has an ever wider range of thematic possibilities and forms. It covers many other subspecies and themes.

Science fiction writer Robert A. Heinlein defines it as “realistic speculation about possible future events, solidly based on adequate knowledge of the real world, past and present, and on a deep understanding of the nature and importance of the scientific method.” For Rod Serlin, while “fantasy is impossible becomes probable, science fiction is improbability made possible.” So there are no easy boundaries for science fiction. Even a devoted fan has a hard time explaining what it is.

Tough science fiction, attaches rigorous importance to exact details in quantitative science, making many accurate predictions for the future but with numerous inaccurate predictions emerging from the late Arthur C. Clarke, who accurately predicted geostationary communications satellites but mistakenly predicted deep dust layers lunar in lunar craters.

“Soft” science fiction, its opposite, describes works based on social sciences such as psychology, economics, political science, sociology and anthropology by Ursula K. Le Guin and Philip K. Dick. and her stories focused primarily on character and emotions; Ray Bradbury is a recognized champion.

Some writers blur the line between them. For example, Mack Reynolds’ work focuses on politics, but anticipates many changes to computers, including cyberterrorism.

The Cyberpunk genre, which is a fusion of “cybernetics” and “punk”, appeared in the early 1980s. “First used by Bruce Bethke in his 1980 story” Cyberpunk “, its timeframe is usually the near future and its settings are often.His common themes include advances in information technology, especially the Internet (visually abstract as cyberspace (possibly malicious), artificial intelligence, mind and body improvements through bionic prosthetics and direct brain-computer interfaces called cyberware, and post-democratic control wherever corporations have more influence than governments Nihilism, postmodernism and film noir techniques are common elements His characters may be disheartened or reluctant to anti-heroes 1982 film Blade Runner is the definitive example of his visual style, with notable authors of the genre such as William Gibson, Bruce Sterling, Pat Cadigan, and Rudy Rucker.

Science fiction authors and filmmakers draw from a wide range of ideas. Many works overlap with two or more commonly defined genres, while others go beyond general boundaries, being outside or between categories. The categories and genres used by mass markets and literary criticism vary widely.

Time travel stories popularized by the novel by H. G. Wells Time machine with predecessors in the 18th and 19th centuries are popular in novels, television series ( Doctor Who), as single episodes within more general science fiction series (“City on the Edge of Eternity” in Star Trek, “Babylon squared” v Babylon 5and “The Banks of the Lethe” in Andromeda ) and as one-off productions, e.g. The other side of Dominick Hide.

An alternative story stories based on the assumption that historical events might have unfolded differently. using time travel to alter the past or simply embed history in a universe with a history different from ours. The classics in the genre include Bring the Jubilee by Ward Moore, in which the South wins the Civil War and The Man in the High CastlePhilip K. Dick, in which Germany and Japan win World War II. .

Military Sciences the fiction uses conflicts between national, interplanetary or interstellar armed forces; in which the main characters are usually soldiers. It contains many details of military technology, procedures, rituals and history; and sometimes using parallels to historical conflicts. Examples include Heinlein Starship Troopers and then the novel by Dorsai Gordon Dickson. Prominent SF military authors include David Drake, David Weber, Jerry Pournelle, S. M. Stirling, and Lois McMaster Bujold. Joe Haldeman’s Eternal war , the reaction of the Vietnam era to the WWII-style stories of earlier authors is a critique of the genre. Baen Books cultivates military science fiction authors. TV series belonging to this sub-genre include Battlestar Galactica, Stargate SG-1, and Space: Above and Beyond. There is also the popular Halo video game and the novel series.

Related genres include speculative fiction, fantasy and horror. alternative stories (which may not have any specific scientific or futuristic element), and even literary stories with fantasy elements, such as the works of Jorge Luis Borges or John Barth. It is also said that works of magical realism fall within the broad definition of speculative fiction.

Imagination is closely related to science fiction. Many writers, including Robert A. Heinlein, Poul Anderson, Larry Niven, C. J. Cherryh, C. S. Lewis, Jack Vance, and Lois McMaster Bujold, have therefore worked in both genres. Writers such as Anne McCaffrey and Marion Zimmer Bradley have written works that seem to blur the line between the two related genres with science fiction conventions by routinely programming on fantasy themes, and fantasy authors such as JK Rowling and JRR Tolkien (in the film adaptation) have earned top honors in the field of science fiction, the Hugo Award. Larry Niven The magic is gone stories treat magic as another force of nature subject to the laws of nature that resemble and partially overlap with the laws of physics.

Basically science fiction is the literature of the things that may one day be possible, and fantasy is the literature of the things that are inherently impossible. With magic and mythology among the popular topics. Narratives described as essentially science fiction are often found. but “with fantasy elements”. such narratives are referred to as “science fiction”.

This is a horror movie unnatural and supernatural literature, intended to disturb or frighten the reader, sometimes with graphic violence. “While not a science fiction branch, many of her works contain some science fiction elements. A novel by Mary Shelley Frankenstein, is a fully realized science fiction work in which the production of the monster has a rigorous science fiction basis. Edgar Allan Poe’s work also helped define the genres of science fiction and horror. Today, horror is one of the most popular movie categories.

Modernist works by writers such as Kurt Vonnegut, Philip K. Dick and StanisBaw Lem on the border of Science Fiction and the mainstream focused on speculative or existential views on contemporary reality. According to Robert J. Sawyer, “Science fiction and mystery have a lot in common. They both value the intellectual process of solving puzzles and both require the stories to be credible and depend on how things really work. ” Isaac Asimov, Anthony Boucher, Walter Mosley, and other writers incorporate cryptic elements into their science fiction and vice versa.

Superhero fiction is a genre characterized by beings of supernatural physical or mental capacity, generally with the desire or need to help the citizens of a selected country or world, using their power to overcome natural or supernatural threats. Many fictional superhero characters have become involved (intentionally or accidentally) in science fiction and facts, including high tech, alien worlds, time travel, and dimensional travel; but the standards of scientific credibility are lower than real science fiction.

The most famous authors of this genre include Stan Lee, Keith RA DeCandido, Diane Duane, Peter David, Len Wein, Marv Wolfman, George RR Martin, Pierce Askegren, Christopher Golden, Dean Wesley Smith, Greg Cox, Nancy Collins, CJ Cherryh, Roger Stern and Elliot S! Maggin.

As a way of understanding the world through speculation and storytelling, science fiction has predecessors back to mythology, although science fiction precursors when literature began to appear from the 13th century (Ibn al-Nafis, Theologus Autodidactus) to the 17th century (the real Cyrano de Bergerac from “Voyage de la Terre à la Lune” and “Des états de la Lune et du Soleil”) and Age of Reason with the development of science itself. Voltaire’s Micromegas was one of the first, together with Jonathan Swift “Gulliver’s travels. After the development of the novel as a literary form in the eighteenth century, the book by Mary Shelley in the early nineteenth century Frankenstein and The last man helped define the form of a science fiction novel]later Edgar Allan Poe wrote a story about the flight to the moon. More examples emerged in the 19th century. Then, with the advent of new technologies such as electricity, the telegraph, and new forms of powered transport, writers such as Jules Verne and H.G. Wells produced a collection of works that became popular with wide social circles. In the late 1800s, Britain used the term “science romance” to describe much of this fiction. This created additional branches, such as the 1884 novel Flatland: A Romance of Many Dimensions by Edwin Abbott Abbott. The term was still used until the beginning of the 20th century to refer to writers such as Olaf Stapledon.

In the early 20th century, cellulose warehouses helped develop a new generation of mostly American SF writers, influenced by Hugo Gernsback, the founder of Amazing Stories Magazine. In the late 1930s, John W. Campbell became editor Amazing science fiction. A critical mass of new writers has emerged in New York. Called the Futurians, this group included Isaac Asimov, Damon Knight, Donald A. Wollheim, Frederik Pohl, James Blish, and Judith Merril. Other notable writers of this period include Robert A. Heinlein, Arthur C. Clarke, and A. E. Van Vogt. Campbell’s tenure at ul Amazing is considered to be the beginning of a golden age of science fiction, marked by hard science fiction stories celebrating scientific achievement and progress. This continued until post-war technological advances such as new warehouses Galaxy under Pohl as editor, and a new generation of writers began writing stories outside of Campbell’s mode.

In the 1950s, the Beat generation included speculative writers such as William S. Burroughs. In the 1960s and early 1970s, writers such as Frank Herbert, Samuel R. Delany, Roger Zelazny and Harlan Ellison explored new trends, ideas and writing styles, as did a group of writers, mainly in Britain, who became known as the New Wave. In the 1970s, writers like Larry Niven and Poul Anderson began to redefine hard science fiction, while Ursula K. Le Guin and others were pioneers of soft science fiction.

In the 1980s, cyberpunk authors such as William Gibson turned away from traditional optimism and support for the advancement of traditional science fiction. Star Wars helped spark a new interest in space opera with a focus on story and characters rather than scientific accuracy. The detailed study of alien life and the complex scientific challenges of C. J. Cherryh have influenced an entire generation of writers.

Emerging topics in the 1990s included environmental issues, the implications of the global Internet and the expanding information universe, questions about biotechnology and nanotechnology, and an interest in post-Cold War post-scarcity societies; Neal Stephenson in The Diamond Age explores these topics comprehensively. Lois McMaster Bujold’s novels about Vorkosigan have returned to this character-driven story.

The Next Generation ushered in an avalanche of new SF programming, of which Babylon 5 was one of the most appreciated of the decade. There was also the Star Trek television series. : General concern about the rapid pace of technological change crystallized around the concept of technological singularity, popularized in Vernor Vinge’s novel Marooned in Realtime and then undertaken by other authors. TV shows like Buffy the Vampire Slayer and movies like The Lord of the Ring has created a new interest in all speculative genres in film, television, computer games and books. According to Alan Laughlin, the Harry Potter stories were very popular with young readers, increasing literacy levels around the world

While SF criticizes developing and future technologies, it also produces innovation and new technologies. The discussion on this topic took place more in literary and sociological forums than in science.

Cinema and media theorist Vivian Sobchack explores the dialogue between science fiction film and technological imagination. Technology influences how artists portray their fictional themes, but the fictional world turns to science, expanding the imagination. While more prevalent in the early years of science fiction among writers such as Isaac Asimov, Robert A. Heinlein, Frank Walker, and Arthur C. Clarke, new authors such as Michael Crichton are still finding ways to make the currently impossible technologies so close to implementation]

This has also been particularly documented in the field of nanotechnology in an article by Professor José Lopez of the University of Ottawa entitled Bridging the Gaps: Science Fiction in Nanotechnology. Lopez combines both the theoretical premises of science fiction worlds and the action of nanotechnology.

Science fiction brought the primacy of technology as a culture, making it otherwise known as “technoculture”, which in the literature describes the new closeness between the author and technology. From the computer code accompanying the text of Laurie Anderson’s stories from the Nerves Bible to the metaphors of binary computer logic used by Thomas Pynchon in Cry of Flight 49 to the full partnership of computer and authorship, represented by hypertext fiction, many recent literary achievements suggest a paradigm shift between creativity and the telecommunications machine, which now facilitates and mediates interpersonal contacts. It also brought science fiction to life as an experimental literary genre that has been creating fascinating dystopian visions, social allegories, and innovative variations on traditional fantasy forms for more than three decades. representing a new and powerful commitment to technology as a social and creative force.

The possibilities, as well as the dangers of technology, are enormous. Modern technologies can be used by women and others historically deprived of the right to vote as tools to embody and force new social relationships. IN Wild lasers Gerald Vizenor, the cross cheat technician Almost Browne uses first-world technology to produce holographic laser shows that cast the ghosts of the past over the landscapes of the Quidnunc Reserve and urban Detroit. Almost Browne claims to be in a courtroom in a courtroom where he is tried to cause public disorder, while people inspired by him use lasers to revise stories to preserve their memories and create a new wilderness over the highways.


Manchester: The Free Spirit City in the North West of England

Of all the cities in Europe, Manchester is the most progressive and after London the most important city in England. In terms of society, Manchester has a motivational energy that is a social and cultural driver. Manchester has openly embraced the realities of social change in the 21st century. This is for two reasons. There are five universities and five colleges in Manchester, and the resulting youthful dynamism has a significant impact. However, this influence is in full harmony with Mankuk’s long tradition of challenging the status quo, being at the forefront of social change and being proactive in the field of civil liberties and civil rights. This created a completely different English city in tone, behavior and appearance than what the Americans might expect.


Due to extensive bombings during the Second World War, significant reconstructions were made, and Mankuński’s passion for innovation, instead of rebuilding the old ones, built buildings with a contemporary design. So Manchester resembles a dynamic city that is decidedly quirky, but also modern and impressive.


This dynamic was a magnet for creative young artists and musicians from all over the UK, which created a very active cultural climate in the fine arts and performing arts. Manchester is home to the “musical revolution” that brought the Hallé symphony orchestra and progressive bands such as The Stone Roses, Oasis, Happy Mondays, Inspiral Carpets, James and hundreds of others. Manchester’s musical revolution was even dramatized in the 2002 movie 24 Hour Party People, a 3-star digital video depicting the punk era until the late 1980s, “Madchester”. Manchester’s music scene is a source of local pride and represents the spirit of this great city.

Youthful adventures

With such a large and lively student population at Manchester University, that means a lot of student life and nightlife. If you want to spend the evening any night of the week, no problem. There is always a cheap club to enter without a dress code, overcrowded happy hour pubs, lots of cheap food including take-out and places to meet girls, places to meet guys, places to meet girls and guys whatever you want.

First, go down to the part of town called Studentville. This is the Oxford Road area, full of pubs, bars that are less fussy about dress and active most of the time.

North District located in the center of Manchester, between Shudehill and Victoria Station. It is an artsy and unconventional alternative lifestyle district with many cafes, pubs, bars, music stores, art galleries, clothing boutiques and shops. You can find all kinds of strange, delightful and wonderful things in the Northern Quarter. Pubs and bars are located mainly on High Street and Oldham Street. There is also a bazaar in Affleck’s Palace, which was once a department store. Some cafes transform into nightlife with various music venues.

Gay village is a unique hub for a large and thriving gay community. Gay Village is located in the Canal Street and Chorlton Street area, and includes Sackville, Whitworth and Princess Streets. Across the canal are Sackville Gardens and Manchester College. Canal Street is a pedestrian street with many gay bars and restaurants.

Manchester Pride is an annual 10-day LGBT event that runs from mid to late August. It includes the Pride Fringe festival, film screenings, a colorful parade that traverses the city and ends in Gay Village, and a weekend celebration known as “The Big Weekend”. This is the ticketed three-day outdoor entertainment program at Gay Village over the August holiday weekend. It all ends with a candlelight vigil at Sackville Gardens.

Free things to do

Here is a partial list of free attractions in Manchester.

  • John Rylands Library at the University of Manchester at 150 Deansgate, south of Bridge Street, it is remarkable and beautiful inside. It’s a masterpiece of Victorian Gothic (or Neo-Gothic) architecture. The library houses a collection of great medieval manuscripts.
  • Museum of Science and Industry or MOSI, on Liverpool Road, aims to make science and industry inspiring and fun. It depends on what part of this huge museum you are in. However, there are trains you can actually drive, a planetarium and a 4D cinema (you pay for a fairly old short film, around £ 5.50 which is generally judged to be fair). The aircraft display is close to the end of the entire exhibition area and as the venue is really big don’t wear out too early as the planes are rather cool. Just quickly walk past the boring board exhibits. Some people go crazy about this place. I don’t know why, but planes, planetarium and trains are definitely there. The museum has a decent restaurant and cafe.
  • Heaton Park, four miles north of Prestwich city center, offers huge green lawns with a good view of Manchester, rowing boats on the lake, walking paths through the woods, as well as bike paths, a beautiful and quirky 18th century Smithy Lodge residence, open to the public from period furniture and a farm with livestock and beekeeping to watch.
  • Whitworth Art Gallery on Oxford Road next to Whitworth Park at Manchester University, it is particularly famous for its collection of British watercolors and modern and historical prints. Of course, there are also drawings, paintings and sculptures. There is a summer program of events to check.
  • City Airport & HeliportThe Art Deco control tower is open to the public, free of charge, and you can watch planes and helicopters landing and taking off. The City Airport is on Liverpool Road in Eccles and should not be confused with Manchester International Airport across the city.

Other places to visit include Manchester Art Gallery, The Lowry, National Football Museum, Peoples History Museum, Manchester Museum and Manchester Cathedral.

As in the rest of England, there is a list of festivals as well as local Manchester events that take place during the warm months. These include a picnic in Manchester, various screenings and “thought-provoking experiences” in Tatton Park, a movie on the water, Harry Potter Day and the Canal Festival. Check your local tourist office for details of the festivals taking place during your visit.